BIC Subject Categories and Qualifiers

This is BIC’s Subject Categories and Qualifiers Scheme, version 2.1 released November 2010, the standard classification scheme for the UK book trade and some other English language markets, available from

Note that BIC has announced that there will be no further development of the BIC scheme, and that Thema is its preferred subject scheme for current and future use. Browse the latest version of the Thema international, multilingual subject category scheme here.

See the Search hints below

Code Description
U Computing and information technology
UM Computer programming / software development
UMA Program concepts / learning to program
UMB Algorithms and data structures
UMC Compilers
UMF Agile programming
UMG Aspect programming / AOP
UMH Extreme programming
UMJ Functional programming
Note: languages used include Lisp, Matlab, Haskell, XSLT, Scheme, Maple, etc
UMK Games development and programming
See also: UGG “Computer games design and applications”. Languages used include C++, Cg, Java, Lua, UnrealScript, etc
UML Graphics programming
Class here: Raster graphics, vector graphics, ActionScript, animation and rendering languages
UMN Object-oriented programming (OOP)
Note: languages used include C++, C#, Java, Perl, Cobol, Visual Basic, etc
UMP Microsoft programming
UMQ Macintosh programming
Note: languages used include Objective C, Java, Cocoa, Carbon etc
UMR Network programming
Class here: IPC, RPC
UMS Mobile and handheld device programming / Apps programming
Class here: iOS, Android, OPL, etc programming
UMT Database programming
Note: languages used include SQL, PL/SQL, MDX, etc. See also: UN “Databases” and following
UMW Web programming
Note: languages used include Ajax; ASP; Awk; CGI; Coldfusion; CSS; Enterprise Service Bus (ESB); Flash; Flex; HTML; Java Server Pages; JavaScript; LAMP (Linux, Apache, PHP or Python or Perl, and MySQL); Mozilla; Perl; PHP; Python; Rails; Ruby; Sed; SGML; VBscript; Visual Web developer; xHTML, etc
UMX Programming and scripting languages: general
Class here general works on specific languages where the purpose, such as Web programming or object-oriented programming, is not defined
UMZ Software Engineering

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