BIC Subject Categories and Qualifiers

This is BIC’s Subject Categories and Qualifiers Scheme, version 2.1 released November 2010, the standard classification scheme for the UK book trade and some other English language markets, available from

Note that BIC has announced that there will be no further development of the BIC scheme, and that Thema is its preferred subject scheme for current and future use. Browse the latest version of the Thema international, multilingual subject category scheme here.

See the Search hints below

Code Description
L Law
For law for the layperson, use VSD “Law, citizenship and rights for the lay person”
LN Laws of Specific jurisdictions
Note: use LN* codes with appropriate Geographical qualifier for works on laws of all specific national, state and regional jurisdictions, eg England and Wales, Scotland, European Union, USA, Texas, Nigeria, etc. Use LN* codes also for works that are not specific to any jurisdiction, in conjunction with LAM “Comparative law” where appropriate
LNA Legal system: general
LNB Private / Civil law: general works
LNC Company, commercial and competition law
LND Constitutional and administrative law
LNF Criminal law and procedure
LNH Employment and labour law
LNJ Entertainment and media law
Class here: material on public performances, recording contracts, etc
LNK Environment, transport and planning law
For energy and natural resources law, use LNCR “Energy and natural resources law”
LNL Equity and trusts
See also: LNTC “Charity law”; LNUT “Trusts and estates taxation”; LNW “Wills and probate / Succession”
LNM Family law
LNP Financial law
LNQ IT and Communications law
See also: LNCB2 “E-commerce law”
LNR Intellectual property law
LNS Property law
For planning law, see LNKW “Planning law”
LNT Social law
LNU Taxation and duties law
LNV Torts / Delicts
For damages, use LNAC14 “Damages and compensation”
LNW Wills and probate / Succession
LNZ Primary sources of law

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